What is Supplemental Security Income (SSI)?

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a program that provides those who are blind, disabled, or aged 65 or older with a controlled stipend to assist their basic living needs. Some other prerequisites to receiving supplemental security income include limited income, U.S. citizenship or national or certain aliens, residency in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia or the Northern Mariana Islands, limited resources, no absence from the U.S. for 30 consecutive days or more, application and eligibility for other cash benefits or payments, permission for the Social Security Administration (SSA) to contact your financial institutions, and other requirements.

There are a few key requirements that the SSA will look for when determining disability: the disability must render you unable to fulfill your past work or to readjust to new work, you are expected to have the disability for no less than a year, and/or the disability will result in presumed death.

Individuals who don’t qualify for supplemental security income include those in prison, jail or a public institution, fugitives, anyone who fails to meet the alien status requirements, and anyone away from the country for a period of 30 consecutive days or more.